Research has demonstrated the psychological damage caused by institutionalization, particularly for young children. There is now ample evidence that all children – including children with mental disabilities – can thrive in the community where family support programs are established. Despite this, many international charities continue to fund placements in orphanages, psychiatric institutions, and nursing homes at the expense of needed programs in the community. The new UN Convention takes a strong stand on the right of children and adults with disabilities to live in the community. Disability Rights International will use the convention as leverage to hold governments and international donors accountable. We will publicize the suffering of the vast numbers of children with disabilities improperly placed in institutions, and we will support the efforts of family members and activists working to bring about needed change.